• Prehistory

    <AD55 AD

    The Palaeolithic (400,000 - 10,000 years ago)The Palaeolithic was the period in which people lived by hunting and gathering on the open tundra plains of Europe before the.....

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  • Roman Fortress

    55 - 75 AD

    The LocationExeter was founded by the Roman army.....

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  • Roman Town

    75 - 400 AD

    The TownFollowing the departure of the legion, Exeter was chosen as the regional capital (‘civitas capital’) of the people of Devon and Cornwall - the Dumnonii.....

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  • Dark Age Town

    400 - 900 AD

    Following the virtual abandonment of the Roman town in the early 5th century, most of the area within the walls seems to have returned to agricultural use.....

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  • Saxon Town

    900 - 1068 AD

    After centuries when Exeter was virtually abandoned (excepting its monastery), town life was re-established at Exeter in late Saxon times.....

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  • Norman Town

    1068 - 1200 AD

    Writing in the mid 12th century, the author of The Deeds of Stephen described Exeter thus:Exeter is a large town, with very ancient walls built by the Roman emperors, the fourth place, they say, in En.....

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  • Medieval City

    1200 - 1500 AD

    After the vigorous growth of the 10th and 11th centuries, Exeter experienced a prolonged period of more modest success in the later middle ages.....

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  • Tudor City

    1500 - 1640 AD

    The early Tudor period brought a dramatic rise in the city’s prosperity, and by the 1520s it had returned to a position among the top half-dozen English towns, after London, Norwich, York, Bristol a.....

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  • Civil War

    1642 - 1660 AD

    Exeter suffered terrible damage in the Civil War between Charles I and Parliament of 1642-6.....

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  • Golden Age

    1660 - 1750 AD

    The years following the Restoration of Charles II in 1660 saw a spectacular rise in the city’s fortunes; between c.....

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  • Georgian City

    1750 - 1840 AD

    From the 1760s, Exeter people believed, until the early 19th century, ‘a spirit of improvement’ spread across the city.....

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  • Victorian City

    1840 - 1901 AD

    At the beginning of Victoria’s reign the city still faced very serious problems of disease and poverty.....

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  • Modern City

    1901 - today AD

    In 1900 Exeter still occupied about less than a third of the area of the modern built-up city.....

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